HW HomePrevious CNView CNView TNMView TNINext CN

Line 3376-77 - Commentary Note (CN) More Information

3376-7 oft, | where be your gibes now? your gamboles, your | songs, your fla- 
1617 Minsheu
3376 gamboles] Minsheu (1617, rpt. 1978, Gamboles): “G. Gambádes. I. Gambaruóle, à gamba, I. tibia, crus: quia tibiæ & crura potissimum efficiunt vanas huiusm di saltationes aut volutationes vel tripudiationes. Gamboles comes from the Italian Gamba, which signifieth a legge, because properly Gamboles are trickes played with the legs.”
1632 Randolph
3376-7 where be your gibes now?] Thomas Randolph (The Jealous Lovers, 1632, p. 60, apud Ingleby et al. 1932, 1: 361): “Where be thy querks and tricks?”
1668 Skinner
Skinner : Minsheu?
3376 gamboles] Skinner (1668, gamboles): “à Fr. G. Gambade, It. Gambaruole, Sgambettate, Gesticulationes Festivæ ,ab. It. Gamba, Fr. G. Iambe, Crus, Tibia, q.d. Crurum seu”
1755 Johnson
3376 gamboles] Johnson (1755, gambol, 1): “ v.n. [gambiller, French] 1. To dance; to skip; to frisk; to jump for joy; to play merry frolicks. ‘Bears, tigers, ounces, pards, Gambol’d before them.’ Milton’s PL v.iv. ‘The king of eelfs, and little fairy queen, Gambol’d on heaths, and danc’d on ev’ry green. ‘Dryden. ‘The monsters of the flood Gambol around him in the wat’ry way, And heavy whals in aukward measures play.’ Pope.”
3376 gibes] Johnson (1755): n.s. [from the verb to Gibe]Sneer; hint of contempt by word or look; scoff; act or exrpression of scorn; taunt. ‘Mark the fleers, the gibes, and notable scorns That dwell in ev’ry region of his face.’ [Oth. 4.1.82 (2464)]“The rich have still a gibe in store, And will be monstrous witty on the poor.’ Dryden’s Juven. ‘If they would hate from the bottom of their hearts, their aversion would be too strong for little gibes every moment.’ Spectator, No. 300. ‘But the dean, if this secret shou’d come to his ears, Will never have done with his gibes and his jeers.’ Swift
1818 Todd
Todd = Johnson + magenta underlined
3376 gamboles] Todd (1818, gambol, 1): “v.n. [gambiller, French. Dr. Johnson from Skinner.—Cotgrave renders gambiller, merely, ‘to wag the legs in sitting, as children use to do;’ but gambader, ‘ to turn heels over head, to make many gambols.’ Our own word wa formerly gambald. ‘To fetch gambaldes, Fr. gambader, Lat. crura in sublime jactare. Gambalding horses, being full of prannsings or skippings.’ Huloet. Barret also gives gambald for gambol in his dictionary. One ‘that can gambauld or dance feat.’ Barklay’s Egloges, 1570. Egl. 2. The origin is evidently the Ital gamba, the leg.]
“1. To dance; to skip; to frisk; to jump for joy; to play merry frolicks. ‘Bears, tigers, ounces, pards, Gambol’d before them.’ Milton’s PL v.iv. ‘The king of eelfs, and little fairy queen, Gambol’d on heaths, and danc’d on ev’ry green.’ Dryden. ‘The monsters of the flood Gambol around him in the wat’ry way, And heavy whals in aukward measures play.’ Pope.”
1860 mhal1
mhal1: Q1
3372-82 Halliwell (1860) marks the Q1CLN 2008-14 equivalent as “mutilated.”
1872 cln1
cln1 : standard + magenta
3377 gibes] Clark & Wright (ed. 1872): “jeers, sarcasms. Compare [Oth. 4.1.83 (2464)]: ‘Do but encave yourself, And mark the fleers, the gibes, and notable scorns, That dwell in every region of his face.’”
1885 mull
mull ≈ standard (prob. cln1)
3377 gibes]
1889 Barnett
3377 gibes] Barnett (1889, p. 60): <p. 60> “taunts; also spelt jibe, ‘And common courtiers love to gybe and fleare,’ Spens. M.H. Tale, 716. Of Scand. origin. Icel. geipa, to talk nonsense.”</p. 60>
3378 gamboles] Barnett (1889, p. 60): <p. 60> “capers, friskiness of wit. O.F. gambade, a gambol. Late Lat. gamba, a hoof, hence Fr. jambe, a limb. The word has altered thus—gambade, then gambaude, then gambauld, then gambold, and lastly, gambol.”</p. 60>
1905 rltr
rltr : standard
3377 gibes]
1911 Century
Century ≈ Todd without attribution
3376 gamboles] Century (1911) cites Ham. in defining the noun. See Century on our web site.
1985 cam4
cam4 ≈
3376 gamboles] Edwards (ed. 1985): “Perhaps jests, practical jokes, rather than anything physical.”
1993 dent
dent ≈ cam4
3377 gibes]
dent ≈ cam4
3376 gamboles]
1998 OED
OED: standard
3376 gamboles]: With many examples.
1998 OED
3376 gamboles]
gambol (æmbl), v. Inflected gambolled (bld), gambolling (U.S.
often with single l). Forms: . 6 gambade, gambaud, gambawd. . 6
gambaulde. . 6 gambole, 7- gamboll, gambol. [ad. F. gambader; cf. the sb.]
1. intr. Of a horse: To bound or curvet. rare.
1507 Justes May & June 113 in Hazl. E.P.P. II. 117 On horses gambawdynge wonderously
That it semed..That they wolde have hanged styll in the skye. a 1533 LD. BERNERS Huon lv. 187
When the horse felte the sporres he began to lepe & gambaud & galop as it had ben the thonder.
2. To leap or spring, in dancing or sporting; now chiefly of animals or children.
1508 FISHER 7 Penit. Ps. cii. Wks. (1876) 156 Redy at all tymes..to daunce, to gambade, to
lepe and to synge. 1590 SHAKS. Mids. N. III. i. 168 Be kinde and curteous to this Gentleman, Hop
in his walkes, and gambole in his eies. 1667 MILTON P.L. IV. 345 Bears, Tygers, Ounces, Pards
Gambold before them. c 1705 POPE Jan. & May 462 Their pigmy king, and little fairy queen, In
circling dances gamboll’d on the green. 1792 Munchausen’s Trav. xxiv. 104 The noble sphinx
gamboling like a huge leviathan. 1841 LYTTON Nt. & Morn. I. i, The urchins gambolled round the
grave-stones on the Sabbath. 1850 TENNYSON In Mem. xxx, At our old pastimes in the hall We
gambol’d, making vain pretence Of gladness.
3. transf. and fig.
1602 SHAKS. Ham. III. iv. 144, I the matter will re-word; which madnesse Would gamboll from.
1796 BURKE Regic. Peace iii. Wks. VIII. 418 A nation, gamboling in an ocean of superfluity.
1824 SCOTT Fam. Lett. 4 Apr. (1894) II. 199, I have gambolled a little in the entrance hall, which
I knew was not in very good taste when I did it. 1856 R. A. VAUGHAN Mystics (1860) I. 248 Our
little world has been gambolling like children let loose from school. 1890 TALMAGE From Manger
to Throne 107 The current is greatly accelerated and then goes gamboling into Lake Gennesaret.
quasi-trans. 1649 G. DANIEL Trinarch., Rich. II, cccxliv, The Pye but chatters to a Country
Cure, And gambolls wth the Sparrowes in a Bush, Rude Rhetoricke.
3377 gibes] gibe, jibe (dab), sb.1 Also 6-9 gybe, 6 jybe, 6- gibe. [f. the vb.] A
scoffing or sneering speech; a taunt, flout, or jeer.
1573 G. HARVEY Letter-bk. (Camden) 8 Besides sum other trim iests and iybes of his. 1602
SHAKS. Ham. V. i. 209 Alas poore Yorick..Where be your Jibes now? 1642 MILTON Apol.
Smect. Wks. (1847) 76/2 To be girded with frumps and curtall gibes. 1712 STEELE Spect. No.
300 1 Their aversion would be too strong for little Gibes every moment. 1757 DYER Fleece
(1807) 65 They..cast about their gibes. 1812 BYRON Ch. Har. I. lxix, Provoking envious gibe
from each pedestrian churl. 1835 MARRYAT Jac. Faithf. iv, Many were the bitter gibes and
inuendoes which I was obliged to hear. 1874 DISRAELI Sp. 5 Aug. in Hansard’s Debates CCXXI.
1358 He is a great master of gibes, and flouts, and jeers. 1885 BLACK White Heather i, The jibes
that seemed to form their farewells for the night.
3376 3377